Sleeping with make up
We have all been
guilty of climbing into bed without taking our makeup off after a night out or
long day at work. So what is the harm? Well it’s so important fully cleanse
your skin, not only to remove your make up, but also to remove the toxins that
have built up during the day. Pollution, smoke, car fumes to name a few; all
create an invisible film on the surface of our skin. These chemicals lead to
the generation of free radicals which damage skin cell DNA. This is the leading
cause of pre-mature skin ageing because it prevents skin cells dividing and
repairing themselves, and damages the collagen that gives our skin its
plumpness and elasticity.
becomes impacted in the skin pores which clogs and stretches them. This causes
to inflammation in the skin follicles which can lead to infection and spot
formation. The pores also become stretched and dilated, with time; they lose
their ability to spring back, so the pores look bigger permanently.
Not wearing sunscreen
Even in cooler
climates, like the UK, where sunny days are a rarity, our skin still gets
exposed to UV radiation every day. The effects of UV rays on our skin in the
number one cause of premature skin ageing. Once in contact with the skin, the
UV rays trigger a free radical cascade which leads to intracellular damage to
skin cells. This stops them growing and repairing themselves, and also damages
collagen. It is important to wear sunscreen everyday to put a barrier to
protect the skin from harmful UV rays. A broad spectrum sunscreen is best as it
protects against UVA and UVB rays. SPF 50 is ideal. It is also really
important to have a separate sunscreen rather than one combined with
foundations or moisturisers.
Using face wipes
and easy to use, face wipes are not ideal for cleansing your skin. Nothing
beats washing your face with a cleanser to fully remove make up, dirt and
pollution from the skin surface.
spread the grime around without effectively removing it.
They also leave
a residue on the skin which can actually irritate the skin and prevent serums
and moisturisers being absorbed properly.
Using Too Much Product
Less is more
when it comes to applying skin care products. It’s tempting to layer on more
product in attempt to boost or speed up the desired effects. Not only is this
wasteful but it can actually overload the skin; clogging pores and in some
causes causing congestion, inflammation and triggering break outs. A
“pea-sized” amount of product is usually sufficient.
Not moisturising oily skin
your skin is oily doesn’t mean it does need moisture. All skin types need to be
moisturised, it is just the type of moisturiser to use is different. Not
moisturising oily skin can may it oilier, by triggering an “oil purge” which is
a surge in oil production when the skin is dry and dehydrated. Invest in a
moisturiser which will keep your oil levels in balance at the same time as
giving your skin the moisture it needs. Remember moisturisers hydrate the skin
by adding water, not oil.
Not cleaning your make up brushes
wear the same clothes day in day out without washing them, so why would you
apply make up every day with the same make up brushes without cleaning them?
brushes are the perfect breeding ground for bacteria. The bacteria multiply on
your make brush ready to be applied to your skin the next time you use them.
The bacteria can then cause redness, congestion and trigger breakouts.
Invest in a
makeup cleansing spray/solution which is quick and easy to use, so it becomes a
daily part of your beauty regime. Not only does it keep your brushes
clean, keep your skin healthy, it also improves application of your makeup and
makes it last longer.
This may be
surprising, but over exfoliating can actually cause more harm than good. Yes,
exfoliation is essential part of your skin care routine, but over doing it can
cause problems that many people are unaware of. The problem lies in using
multiple products that exfoliate the skin, along with different techniques that
also exfoliate the skin. For example; using facial scrubs which contain beads
to remove dead skin cells, followed by serums or moisturisers containing
ingredients like alpha hydroxy acids, AHA which chemically exfoliate the skin
surface. When this is combined with salon/clinic based treatments such as
microdermabrasion and skin peels, the level of exfoliation is excessive. This
removes too much of the skin’s protective barrier can lead to skin
inflammation, irritation, increased sensitivity and increased
photo-sensitivity. All modes of exfoliation have their place; however, it is
important to mindful about the frequency and space between treatments to avoid
unnecessary skin irritation.
Using the wrong products for your skin type
When it comes to
choosing your skin care products the first step is understanding your skin
type. Typically people buy products based on recommendations from others,
although this may not be bad advice, it is important to remember, what is
perfect for your mum or your best friend may not be best suited to your skin.
your skin is dry, oily or combination is the basic understanding you need. It
is also important to consider what your skin is sensitive to, what causes
breakouts and what types of products have led to skin improvements in the past.
Take the time to book in for a skin analysis/consultation to fully understand
your skin type and tailor your skin care regime based on this.
Not getting enough sleep
Sleep is the
time when your body repairs and regenerates itself. Skin cells are some of the
most actively dividing cells in the body and the majority of their activity
takes place while you’re asleep.
Lack of quality
sleep on a regular basis increases your levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
Cortisol causes inflammation throughout the body. It can trigger flare ups in
pre-existing, inflammatory skin conditions like acne and psoriasis.
increases the breakdown down of collagen. Collagen fibres are an essential part
the matrix found in the dermis of the skin which it gives it volume and elasticity.
Collagen breakdown occurs naturally as part of the ageing process and leads to
the formation of lines and wrinkles. Therefore increased levels of cortisol can
lead to pre- mature ageing.
Not getting your
five a day deprives your skin of essential vitamin and minerals. Eating a diet
high in fruits and vegetables provides an excellent source of anti-oxidants,
like vitamin C and Vitamin E which are needed for skin health and as well as
Diets high in
sugar also can cause pre-mature ageing by increasing collagen breakdown.
Diets high in
refined sugar and dairy products have also been shown to cause flare ups in
skin conditions like acne.